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Environmental & Social Impact

The development of CPP will reduce dependence on gaseous and liquid fuels for thermal power generation and increase diversity in Pakistan’s electricity generation mix. FPCL has carried out a detailed Environmental Impact Assessment Study (“EIA Study”) through M/S Hagler Baily in accordance with the standards and requirements of the World Bank / International Finance Corporation and National Environmental Quality Standards.

EIA Study was submitted to the Sindh Environmental Protection Agency (“SEPA”) for its approval. Public and Technical hearing was conducted by SEPA and NOC from SEPA was granted to the Project in September 2014. The EIA refers to an Environmental Management Plan (“EMP”) prepared for Effective
implementation and management of mitigation measures, wherein a delivery mechanism is provided to address potential impacts of project activities, to enhance Project benefits and to introduce standards of good practice in all Project activities. The EMP has been prepared with the following objectives:

  • Defining legislative requirements, guidelines and best industry practices & standards that apply to the Project
  • Defining monitoring/mitigation plan required for avoiding or minimizing potential impacts
  • Defining roles and responsibilities of the Project proponent and the contractor
  • Defining requirements for environmental monitoring and reporting
  • Defining the mechanism with which training will be provided to the Project personnel

The Project entails construction of new coal‐based boilers and steam turbine generators (STGs) to replace existing natural gas‐based boilers and gas turbines. This will have positive impacts on the socio‐economic environment through direct and in‐direct employment generation and increased business opportunities. The continuation of existing FFBL fertilizer plant operation using coal‐based power will be beneficial to the fertilizer company
through stability of production, and, to the country as a whole through the reduction in dependence on dwindling natural gas supply as fuel and stability of the agricultural sector of the economy through a consistent supply of fertilizers. The Project will be equipped with the following systems and equipment in order to meet the requirements and to comply with the emission limits as imposed by the environmental regulations:

  • Low NOx generation due to use of CFB boiler technology
  • Desulfurization inside the CFB boilers (SOx reduction)
  • Bag house for de‐dusting (for dust removal)
  • A common stack including two ducts (one duct per unit)
  • Emission monitoring system at each duct of each boiler. 

The main fuel for the Project is coal. The possibility of using both imported and local coals and its impact are also assessed. Limestone will be supplied by the local market and will be used as a sorbent to capture the SO2 in the bed of the CFB boiler. The Project emissions shall comply with the local NEQS standards and World Bank guide lines.

Environmental sensitivities and impacts, as well as the associated mitigation plan have been addressed in the EMP / EIA study. Further, FPCL will ensure that the Project staff will be adequately trained in Health, Safety and Environment sensitivities and operational management procedures, so that all levels of staff effectively contribute to impact prevention and mitigation at all times. The Project is expected to generate significant local job opportunities both during the construction phase and operation phase which will be filled by Pakistani nationals. It is also expected that part of the available unskilled jobs will be provided to the locals belonging to the vicinity of Project area (as the latter do not have the required education or skill for the skilled or semi‐skilled jobs for the Project).

Fauji Group has a number of on‐going community development programs with an objective of a literate and functional community, skilled and employed youth, empowered women, health and hygiene awareness and self‐reliance through targeting following areas:

  • Social Mobilization
  • Health
  • Education
  • Environmental Sustainability
  • Economic Development